Scriptures and Baba - Ramayana - Chapter Scriptures and Baba - Mahabharata - Chapter Scriptures and Baba - Bhagavata - Chapter
They were primarily a gathering and hunting community lived in their own way in jugles unmixed with modern society in high seclusion till recently.
The variants of Mudiraj people living in Rajastan, Gujarat, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh are mostly known as kolis, kohlis and kolhis. They are mostly farmers, agricultural labors and water tenders in these states. There are kohlis in Pakistan also.
The people relating to mudiraj in Orissa are known as kolis and in West Bengal they are known as ugra kshatriya and aghouri. Vettuva Goundan or Vettuva Gounder is an endogamous social group or caste of indigenous tribal origin and are a Tamil speaking people in the Erode area of West Tamil Nadu state.
Vettuva Gounders are from agricultural family backround like other gounders. Vettuva gounder's ancestors from the devotional legend of Siva bhakta Kannappan.
They are from Khalhasti and moved from there to south. The most pocket of people are located in Erode, Madurai, Coimbatore, Bhavanishakar and also near Thirunelveli. In Tamil language the word Vettuvan or Vetan means a hunter. The word is derived from the noun Vettu or to cut. Many hunter gatherer tribes across Tamil nadu and neighboring Kerala are still referred to as Vetan or Vetar.
Vettuva Pulayar is a name of a significant caste in Kerala. This term is etymologically related to Sinhalese Vedda and Telugu Bedda for primitive tribes.
Vettuvas are of Telugu origin from Srikalahasti region of Andhra Pradesh. In Telugu Veta means hunting. The word Vetan and Vetar in Tamil are derived from Veta. Today they are found in all walks of life and rarely engaged in hunter gatherer activities.
Apparently the clan divisions between a settled group commonly known as Vellala Gounder and Vettuva Gounder show similarities showing an assimilation of hunting groups into settled agricultural groups.
The historical war between Vellala Gounder and Vettuvas is mentioned in the mythical local Annamar-Appachimar story where the latter were defeated. The word Bedar is derived from telugu word Veta. This system of village level administration was a well established one deep rooted Rayalaseema, parts of Karnataka,and Tamilnadu which formed a major part of Vijayanagar kingdom.
Palayam administration is just parallel to that of Mutha system of administration. In case of Palayam system of administration, the palayakars were appointed by the king at his sweet will but generally they too continue on hirachy basis as long as king was pleased with them.
The Nayakas were also called Bedars. The bedars were also known as Beydurs.
Some times they are also known as Berads. It is widely accepted that Bhils are of Telugu origin due to the fact bhil means villu and villu means bow used by archers. These states were collectively known as Poligars Palegars.
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