I wrote it to help my students better understand the similarities and differences between the two. Original photo is here Similarities Similarity 1. Participants in both studies had a difficult time ending their participation, and most continued all the way until the end.
To investigate how readily people would conform to the roles of guard and prisoner in a role-playing exercise that simulated prison life.
Zimbardo was interested in finding out whether the brutality reported among guards in American prisons was due to the sadistic personalities of the guards or had more to do with the prison environment. Participants were randomly assigned to either the role of prisoner or guard in a simulated prison environment.
No physical violence was permitted. Zimbardo observed the behavior of the prisoners and guards. Here they were treated like every other criminal. Then they were blindfolded and driven to the psychology department of Stanford University, where Zimbardo had had the basement set out as a prison, with barred doors and windows, bare walls and small cells.
Here the deindividuation process began. When the prisoners arrived at the prison they were stripped naked, deloused, had all their personal possessions removed and locked away, and were given prison clothes and bedding.
They were issued a uniform, and referred to by their number only. Their clothes comprised a smock with their number written on it, but no underclothes. They also had a tight nylon cap, and a chain around one ankle.
There were 3 guards to the 9 prisoners, taking shifts of eight hours each the other guards remained on call Results: Within a very short time both guards and prisoners were settling into their new roles, the guards adopting theirs quickly and easily.
Zimbardo had intended that the experiment should run for a fortnight, but on the sixth day he closed it down. There was real danger that someone might be physically or mentally damaged if it was allowed to run on.
Therefore, the roles that people play can shape their behavior and attitudes. Milgram was interested in researching how far people would go in obeying an instruction if it involved harming another person. Stanley Milgram was interested in how easily ordinary people could be influenced into committing atrocities for example, Germans in WWII.
Participants were 40 males, aged between 20 and 50, whose jobs ranged from unskilled to professional. At the beginning of the experiment they were introduced to another participant, who was actually a confederate of the experimenter.
They drew straws to determine their roles — leaner or teacher — although this was fixed and the confederate always ended to the learner. The teacher is told to administer an electric shock every time the learner makes a mistake, increasing the level of shock each time.
There were 30 switches on the shock generator marked from 15 volts to volts. The learner gave mainly wrong answers and for each of these the teacher gave him an electric shock.
All the participants continued to volts. Ordinary people are likely to follow orders given by an authority figure, even to the extent of killing an innocent human being.
Obedience to authority is ingrained in us all from the way we are brought up. Obey parents, teachers, anyone in authority etc.Stanley Milgram was a social psychologist best-remembered for his now infamous obedience experiments. His research demonstrated how far people are willing to go to obey authority.
His experiments are also remembered for their ethical issues, which contributed to changes in how experiments can be performed today.
Studies: Milgram, Asch and Zimbardo Zimbardo's Stanford Prison experiment Aim: To investigate how readily people would conform to the roles of guard and prisoner in a .
The Milgram Experiment (Hart) Stanley Milgram’s experiment in the way people respond to obedience is one of the most important experiments ever administered.
The goal of Milgram’s experiment was to find the desire of the participants to shock a learner in a controlled situation. Jul 14, · Lessing’s essay helps set the context to understand the experiments that social psychologists Solomon Asch, Stanley Milgram and Philip Zimbardo conducted to explain conformity and obedience.
Solomon Asch’s experiment in “Opinions and Social Pressure” studied a . Why Are Stanley Milgram Zimbardo And Asch Experiments Important Stanley Milgram Experiment Misty Chambers University of Phoenix PSYCH/ Jay Grenier July 21, Stanley Milgram experiment Could you deliver electroshocks to a person you do not know.
Stanley Milgram (August 15, – December 20, ) was an American social psychologist, best known for his controversial experiment on obedience conducted in the s during his professorship at .