Signs and symptoms An lithograph captioned 'Melancholy passing into mania' Both mania and depression are characterized by disruptions in normal moodpsychomotor activity, circadian rhythmand cognition. Mania can present with varying levels of mood disturbance, ranging from euphoria that is associated with "classic mania" to dysphoria and irritability. The core symptom of mania involves an increase in energy of psychomotor activity.
Each type is identified by the pattern of episodes of mania and depression. The treatment that is best for you may differ depending on the type of bipolar disorder you have.
Your doctor will look carefully to determine where your symptoms fit. Bipolar I Disorder mania and depression — Bipolar I disorder is the classic form of the illness, as well as the most severe type of bipolar disorder. It is characterized by at least one manic episode or mixed episode.
Instead, the illness involves recurring episodes of major depression and hypomania, a milder form of mania. In order to be diagnosed with bipolar II disorder, you must have experienced at least one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode in your lifetime.
If you ever have a manic episode, your diagnosis will be changed to bipolar I disorder. Cyclothymia hypomania and mild depression — Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder. Like bipolar disorder, cyclothymia consists of cyclical mood swings. However, the highs and lows are not severe enough to qualify as either mania or major depression.
To be diagnosed with cyclothymia, you must experience numerous periods of hypomania and mild depression over at least a two-year time span. Because people with cyclothymia are at an increased risk of developing full-blown bipolar disorder, it is a condition that should be monitored and treated.
Is it bipolar disorder or depression? Being misdiagnosed with depression is a potentially dangerous problem because the treatment for bipolar depression is different than for regular depression.
A twin pregnancy of about 10 weeks. The lower sac contains a live fetus but the fetus in the upper sac has died. The sense of Something or Someone being there for a while but now gone missing, will remain somewhere in the back of the mind of the sole survivor - the womb twin survivor. Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens: A brochure on bipolar disorder in children and teens that offers basic information on signs and symptoms, treatment, and finding help. Also available en Español. Continued. The vast majority of people with bipolar II disorder experience more time with depressive than hypomanic symptoms. Depressions can occur soon after hypomania subsides, or much later.
In fact, antidepressants can actually make bipolar disorder worse. You may also be referred to another mental health professional, such as a psychologist, counselor, or a bipolar disorder specialist. Together, you will work with your healthcare providers to develop a personalized treatment plan.
Comprehensive treatment for bipolar disorder A comprehensive treatment plan for bipolar disorder aims to relieve symptoms, restore your ability to function, fix problems the illness has caused at home and at work, and reduce the likelihood of recurrence.
A comprehensive bipolar treatment plan involves: Medication — Medication is the cornerstone of bipolar disorder treatment. Taking a mood stabilizing medication can help minimize the highs and lows of bipolar disorder and keep symptoms under control. Psychotherapy — Therapy is essential for dealing with bipolar disorder and the problems it has caused in your life.
Working with a therapist, you can learn how to cope with difficult or uncomfortable feelings, repair your relationships, manage stress, and regulate your mood.
Education — Managing symptoms and preventing complications begins with a thorough knowledge of your illness. Lifestyle management — By carefully regulating your lifestyle, you can keep symptoms and mood episodes to a minimum.
This involves maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding alcohol and drugs, eating a mood-boosting diet, following a consistent exercise program, minimizing stress, and keeping your sunlight exposure stable year-round.
Support — Living with bipolar disorder can be challenging, and having a solid support system in place can make all the difference in your outlook and motivation.
The support of friends and family is also invaluable. Medication treatment for bipolar disorder Most people with bipolar disorder need medication in order to keep their symptoms under control. When medication is continued on a long-term basis, it can reduce the frequency and severity of bipolar mood episodes, and sometimes prevent them entirely.
If you have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, you and your doctor will work together to find the right drug or combination of drugs for your needs.
Because everyone responds to medication differently, you may have to try several different medications before you find one that relieves your symptoms. Check in frequently with your doctor. Getting the dose right is a delicate balancing act. Close monitoring by your doctor will help keep you safe and symptom-free.
Continue taking your medication, even if your mood is stable. Most people need to take medication long-term in order to avoid relapse.
This includes surrounding yourself with supportive people, getting therapy, and getting plenty of rest. Research shows that antidepressants are not particularly effective in the treatment of bipolar depression. Furthermore, they can trigger mania or cause rapid cycling between depression and mania in people with bipolar disorder.
The importance of therapy for bipolar disorder Research indicates that people who take medications for bipolar disorder are more likely to get better faster and stay well if they also receive therapy.
Therapy can teach you how to deal with problems your symptoms are causing, including relationship, work, and self-esteem issues.
Three types of therapy are especially helpful in the treatment of bipolar disorder: Cognitive-behavioral therapy Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy Family-focused therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy In cognitive-behavioral therapy CBTyou examine how your thoughts affect your emotions.Bipolar disorder, also known as bipolar affective disorder, is a mood disorder.
It can cause your mood to swing from highs (mania) to lows (depression). Learn about symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents and what this might mean for your child.
Could your child have bipolar disorder? Learn about symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents and what this might mean for your child. A physician may refer you to a mental health treatment provider for a complete. Rates of bipolar disorder in men and women are about equal and the typical onset of symptoms occur around 25 years of age.
There are many types of bipolar disorder; three of the most common include Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder. Proper treatment helps people with bipolar disorder actively manage their condition and gain better control over their moods and related symptoms.
While bipolar disorder cannot be cured, it can be treated effectively over the long-term.
Center for Family Therapy has been a leading provider of mental health treatment in Cape Cod since with some of the most experienced therapists in the area.
Bipolar II disorder is a form of the psychiatric disorder known as bipolar disorder. All forms of bipolar disorder cause unusual mood swings and shifts in energy and activity levels.