In the last few decades, globalization has occurred at an unprecedented pace. Public policy and technology are the two main driving factors behind the current globalization boom.
An entry for the Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice. Anti-globalization Movement is a disputed term referring to the international social movement network that gained widespread media attention after protests against the World Trade Organization WTO in Seattle, WA in late November and early December Varied communities organizing against the local and national consequences of neoliberal policies, especially in the global South, connect their actions with this wider effort.
Movement constituents include trade unionists, environmentalists, anarchists, land rights and indigenous rights activists, organizations promoting human rights and sustainable development, opponents of privatization, and anti-sweatshop campaigners. These groups charge that the policies of corporate globalization have exacerbated global poverty and increased inequality.
Its own annual gathering, the World Social Forum, serves as a site for activist networking and transnational strategizing. Movement participants have also launched campaigns targeting multinational corporations such as Nike and Monsanto, and have mobilized resistance to U. While opposing neoliberalism, the anti-globalization movement advocates participatory democracy, seeking to increase popular control of political and economic life in the face of increasingly powerful corporations, unaccountable global financial institutions, and U.
Many activists reject the label, arguing that the term falsely implies a stance of isolationism. A hallmark of the movement is its use of advanced communications and Internet technology to unite activists across borders.
Leading voices in the movement express the ambition to create a global network that is as transnational as capital itself.
Neoliberal policies include privatizating public industries, opening markets to foreign investment and competition, creating fiscal austerity programs to curtail government spending, removing controls on capital flows, reducing tariffs and other trade barriers, and ending government protections for local industry.
Movement participants argue that these policies have created sweatshop working conditions in the developing world, threatened unionized jobs and environmental protections in the global North, benefited the wealthy at the expense of the poor, and endangered indigenous cultures.
Because the term neoliberalism is not widely used in the U. Many participants and theorists instead trace the lineage of the movement through a year history of resistance against European colonialism and U.
Other commentators see the anti-globalization movement as continuous with the anti-Vietnam war mobilizations of the s and s, with worldwide uprisings inand with protests against structural adjustment in Africa, Asia, and Latin America in the s and s.
Their effort subsequently became a nonviolent movement for land reform and indigenous rights. The EZLN eschewed traditional models of hierarchical leadership.
It used the Internet to spread poetic critiques of capitalist injustice throughout a network of international supporters. As a rebel army seeking not to claim state power but to create spaces of autonomy and direct democracy, the EZLN both paid homage to earlier models of national liberation struggle and transformed them.
Their example became an influential one for the nascent globalization movement. Some 5, activists from over 40 countries attended. The PGA has helped organize many of the international direct action mobilizations associated with the globalization movement.
In Seattle, an estimated 75, activists organized an unusually colorful and confrontational demonstration against the meetings of the WTO.
|Alter-globalization - Wikipedia||Read more Globalisation Globalisation refers to the integration of markets in the global economy, leading to the increased interconnectedness of national economies.|
|The advantages of globalisation||Pologeorgis Updated March 6, — 2: The phenomenon of globalization began in a primitive form when humans first settled into different areas of the world; however, it has shown a rather steady and rapid progress in recent times and has become an international dynamic which, due to technological advancements, has increased in speed and scale, so that countries in all five continents have been affected and engaged.|
|Understanding Globalisation||May 7, by Will Gemma Globalization is not a new concept in the world. It may be farther along and advancing at a faster rate than ever before, but globalization has been around for hundreds and, arguably, thousands of years.|
|Philippe Legrain||University World News or Higher Education Web Publishing does not necessarily endorse, support, sanction, encourage, verify or agree with any comments, opinions or statements or other content provided by readers.|
Groups like Art and Revolution created giant puppets to carry in the demonstrations, activists inspired by British Reclaim the Streets actions held parties in intersections blocked by protesters, and musicians formed activist marching bands.
Police responded to the blockades with tear gas and rubber bullets. Authorities temporarily enacted martial law, and over protesters were arrested for acts of civil disobedience during the week of action.
Ultimately, the Seattle round of trade negotiations deadlocked when developing nations, bolstered by grassroots resistance, rejected U. National and International Protests Continued protests outside of international financial institutions serve as only the most highly publicized manifestations of a much broader body of action taking place at the local and national levels.
Nevertheless, the financial institutions promoting corporate globalization have provided critical rallying points for the movement. By bringing together groups with diverse complaints about the international deliberations, these organizations have helped disparate movements make common cause and have strengthened transnational coalitions of activists.
On college campuses groups such as the United Students Against Sweatshops, an organization that has waged transnational campaigns to improve the labor conditions of garment workers who make university apparel, have also energetically supported mobilizations against the international financial institutions.
While often not as large as mobilizations taking place at the local level in the global South, actions surrounding international summits have received the most attention from the media in the U.
In response to movement criticism, the World Bank has worked to refashion its image as an anti-poverty institution. It officially ended its support of structural adjustment, although critics contend that its lending practices remain problematic.Introduction.
If climate change is the key process in the natural world impacting on sustainable development, then globalisation is the parallel process in the human world, creating both opportunities for, and barriers to, sustainable development.
Globalization has impacted nearly every aspect of modern life and continues to be a growing force in the global economy. While there are a few drawbacks to globalization, most economists agree that it's a force that's both unstoppable and net beneficial to .
Globalization is defined as a process that, based on international strategies, aims to expand business operations on a worldwide level, and was precipitated by the facilitation of global communications due to technological advancements, and socioeconomic, political and environmental developments.
Globalisation. The ways in which goods and information are moved between countries are becoming easier. Information technology is driving these improvements by enabling companies to move money and ideas instantly at the click of a mouse.
Anti-globalization Movement is a disputed term referring to the international social movement network that gained widespread media attention after protests against the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Seattle, WA in late November and early December Angela Merkel’s announcement of her political departure has prompted a predictable response from many quarters: that she was the “steady hand” that held Europe together, and that her “strong and stabilising leadership” will be sorely missed.