When we founded Consortiumnews. Journalist Robert Parry Indeed, that was the original reason that I turned to what was then a new media platform to create a home for well-reported stories and to challenge the many misguided conventional wisdoms. As one of the reporters who helped expose the Iran-Contra scandal for The Associated Press in the mids, I was distressed by the silliness and propaganda that had come to pervade American journalism.
Kennedy's wounds, great mystery still exists and unresolved contradictions abound. Most evidence suggests that Kennedy's death must be understood in terms of four wounds: While evidence was given for a wound in the left temple, possibly of entrance, this has been discounted by most observers.
The difficulties in arriving at conclusions about how the wounds were inflicted results from paradoxical evidence about the dimensions and locations of the wounds.
The availability of autopsy photographs and eyewitness testimony has only muddled matters because they don't agree. Despite the disparate sources, the many descriptions of JFK's skull wound are in surprising and overwhelming agreement.
These descriptions, however, are quite inconsistent with the autopsy photographs and X- rays. Those images have thus taken on a Jfk steel speech analysis essay position in the controversy as they were authenticated by the House Select Committee on Assassinations HSCA inand so they are supposed to be reliable representations of JFK's wounds.
These hard pieces of evidence, therefore, comprise the "best evidence" -- evidence more reliable, according to some, than human recollections.
That JFK's head wound was on the right side of his head is universally accepted. With a single exception, all witnesses placed JFK's major skull defect on the right side, and given the frequency of witness error, this suggests good witness reliability in this case. The most peculiar aspect of JFK's wounds is that of the 46 witnesses I whose opinions I have examined between Parkland and Bethesda, 45 of whom correctly claimed that the skull defect was on the right side, 44 were apparently wrong by the "best" evidence to claim that the wound was in the right-rear, rather than the right-front.
The "authenticated" photographs, the originals of which were twice examined by author Aguilar at the National Archives, show no rear defect at all, only an anterior-lateral defect, and so, if valid, the images prove that not a single witness accurately described JFK's fatal wound, and that even the autopsy report fails to accurately describe the skull defect visible in the images!
The HSCA's forensic panel, which delved into the mysteries of JFK's autopsy, accepted the authenticity of the current inventory of X-rays and photographs. Principally on the basis of these images, the panel concluded that the autopsists missed the correct location for the entrance bullet wound to the skull by placing it cm too low, and missed the location of the bullet entrance to JFK's back by placing it 5-cm too high.
To add to the muddle, recently revealed documents cast doubt on at least the completeness of the photographic inventory, and the technicians who took JFK's X-rays and photographs both insist the current images are not those they took. The photographs show the right rear of the scalp to be intact behind the ear while the X- rays suggest a bony defect that extends behind the ear but whose existence might have been obscured by intact overlying scalp.
The photographs and X-rays indicate the major exit wound on the scalp and skull to be largely forward on the right side, possibly extending as far forward as a centimeter or so anterior to the coronal suture - just about the edge of the hairline at the top of the forehead.
How unexpected that so many qualified eyewitnesses' observations of a rear wound would later be disproved by the "best evidence". Witness error is common and it would be easier to accept in this case if some witnesses described a right-rearward wound, some a left-sided wound and others an anterior wound.
In this case the best evidence would support those who recalled a right, anterolateral wound. As we'll see, however, an inexplicable concordance of reliable, close eyewitnesses places the major visible defect in JFK's scalp and skull at the right rear where it is absent in the "authenticated" photographs and X-rays.
In addition, as we will see, even the back wound, or "back of neck" wound, and the throat wound remain deeply controversial - even after 30 years. It is well known that the earlier accounts witnesses give are usually more reliable than later recollections, for in time, memory fades and may be influenced by other factors.
In compiling the witnesses' accounts of the wounds, every effort was made to locate and present the first account given by each witness. In many cases these were to be found either in notes prepared on the day of the assassination, in Warren Commission testimony a few months later, or in press interviews in the mid 's.
Some of the witnesses' opinions, however, never appeared until years later, some as late as the 's. It was not the author's intent to list every comment ever made by every witnesses, but rather to gather the earliest, and presumably most reliable, accounts for inspection.
However, when witnesses gave later, contradictory accounts, an attempt was made to present, explore and interpret the various versions.
On April 10, in the United States, steel companies raised the prices of their products by percent. The President, John F. Kennedy, had tried to maintain steel prices at a stable rate. In addition to maintaining steel prices the speech also referred to public responsibility. john f. kennedy's fatal wounds: the witnesses and the interpretations from to the present by gary l. aguilar, md. Jfk Rhetorical Analysis Essay. President, John F - Jfk Rhetorical Analysis Essay introduction. Kennedy, in his news conference on April 10, repeatedly called for stable prices and wages in the steel industry during a period of economic distress.
It is likely that some witnesses' descriptions have been unintentionally overlooked. The author welcomes any contributions that might make this compilation more complete.
The witnesses of the head wound at Parkland were at a distinct advantage over witnesses in Dealey Plaza as they were closer to the President, he was not moving, they had plenty of time in which to observe, and they were experienced observers familiar with the type of injuries JFK suffered.
With the exception of Adolph Giesecke, MD, the Parkland witnesses were unanimous in placing the skull wound rearward on the right side. No Parkland observer placed the wound solely anteriorly on the right side.
Adolph Giesecke, MD felt the wound extended from occiput to the front, but on the left side. Kennedy's recollection of "holding the top of his head down" it may well be that the wound did extend more anteriorly than was apparent to Parkland witnesses.
This might be explained by a blood clot forming en route from Dealey Plaza to Parkland while Mrs. Kennedy held "the top" of JFK's "head down" causing the more anterior extent of the wound to be unappreciated by the emergency personnel. It is clear, however, that the Parkland witnesses described a wound in the rear of the skull on the right side.
The background and qualifications of the Parkland observers make their repeated, corroborating observations compelling:Take up the White Man’s burden And reap his old reward, The blame of those ye better, The hate of those ye guard.
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