Identity vs confusion

Mistrust Is the world a safe place or is it full of unpredictable events and accidents waiting to happen? Erikson's first psychosocial crisis occurs during the first year or so of life like Freud's oral stage of psychosexual development.

Identity vs confusion

Is it okay to have been me? Reflection on life Hope: Mistrust oral-sensory, Infancy, under 2 years [ edit ] Existential Question: Can I Trust the World?

Identity vs confusion

If caregivers are consistent sources of food, comfort, and affection, an infant learns trust — that others are dependable and reliable. If they are neglectful, or perhaps even abusive, the infant instead learns mistrust — that the world is an undependable, unpredictable, and possibly a dangerous place.

While negative, having some experience with mistrust allows the infant to gain an understanding of what constitutes dangerous situations later in life; yet being at the stage of infant or toddler, it is a good idea not to put them in prolonged situations of mistrust: Is It Okay to Be Me?

Critical Evaluation

As the child gains control over eliminative functions and motor abilitiesthey begin to explore their surroundings. Parents still provide a strong base of security from which the child can venture out to assert their will. Children at this age like to explore the world around them and they are constantly learning about their environment.

Caution must be taken at this age while children may explore things that are dangerous to their health and safety. At this age children develop their first interests. For example, a child who enjoys music may like to play with the radio.

Children who enjoy the outdoors may be interested in animals and plants. Highly restrictive parents, however, are more likely to instill in the child a sense of doubt, and reluctance to attempt new challenges.

Discussion of Erikson’s “Identity vs Confusion” Emma Laubscher, L Sarah Beningfield, B Manale Manuse, M Magdelena de Beer, D Monday, 23 April especially because we have so many options open to us. Erikson’s Theory: Identity vs. Identity Confusion Identity • Defining who you are, what you value and direction in life. • Commitments to vocation, personal relationships, sexual orientation, ethnic group, ideals. • Resolution of “identity crisis”or exploration Identity Confusion • Lack of . Identity vs. role confusion really caught my attention because of how Erikson described what happens around this stage, I really could relate it to myself when I started high school. One of the most important stages that Erikson created was identity vs. role confusion. This occurs around teenage years to the 20's.

As they gain increased muscular coordination and mobility, toddlers become capable of satisfying some of their own needs. They begin to feed themselves, wash and dress themselves, and use the bathroom.

If caregivers encourage self-sufficient behavior, toddlers develop a sense of autonomy—a sense of being able to handle many problems on their own. But if caregivers demand too much too soon, or refuse to let children perform tasks of which they are capable, or ridicule early attempts at self-sufficiency, children may instead develop shame and doubt about their ability to handle problems.

Guilt locomotor-genital, Early Childhood, 5—8 years [ edit ] Existential Question: Initiative adds to autonomy the quality of planning, undertaking and attacking a task for the sake of just being active and on the move.

The child is learning to master the world around them, learning basic skills and principles of physics. Things fall down, not up. They learn how to zip and tie, count and speak with ease.

At this stage, the child wants to begin and complete their own actions for a purpose. Guilt is a confusing new emotion. They may feel guilty over things that logically should not cause guilt. They may feel guilt when this initiative does not produce desired results. The development of courage and independence are what set preschoolers, ages three to six years of age, apart from other age groups.

Young children in this category face the challenge of initiative versus guilt. As described in Bee and Boyd[12] the child during this stage faces the complexities of planning and developing a sense of judgment.

Erik Erikson and Self-Identity

During this stage, the child learns to take initiative and prepare for leadership and goal achievement roles. Activities sought out by a child in this stage may include risk-taking behaviors, such as crossing a street alone or riding a bike without a helmet; both these examples involve self-limits.

Within instances requiring initiative, the child may also develop negative behaviors. These negative behaviors are a result of the child developing a sense of frustration for not being able to achieve a goal as planned and may engage in negative behaviors that seem aggressive, ruthless, and overly assertive to parents.

Aggressive behaviors, such as throwing objects, hitting, or yelling, are examples of observable behaviors during this stage.3 major issues with identity vs.

identity confusion-choice of occupation-adoption of values to live by-development of a satisfying sexual identity.

Fidelity. sustain loyalty, faith, or a sense of belonging to a loved one, friend or companions-identification with a set of values, ideology, religion, ethnic group. At the start of this stage, identity vs. role confusion is coming to an end, though it still lingers at the foundation of the stage (Erikson, ).

Young adults are still eager to blend their identities with friends. The Identity versus Role confusion (or diffusion) stage is characterized by the adolescent question of “Who am I,” during which time they are conflicted with dozens of values and ideas of who they should be and what they should think.

Identity vs. role confusion really caught my attention because of how Erikson described what happens around this stage, I really could relate it to myself when I started high school. One of the most important stages that Erikson created was identity vs.

role confusion. This occurs around teenage years to the 20's. Erikson’s Theory: Identity vs. Identity Confusion Identity • Defining who you are, what you value and direction in life.

• Commitments to vocation, personal relationships, sexual orientation, ethnic group, ideals. • Resolution of “identity crisis”or exploration Identity Confusion • Lack of . Erikson’s Theory: Identity vs. Identity Confusion Identity • Defining who you are, what you value and direction in life.

• Commitments to vocation, personal relationships, sexual orientation, ethnic group, ideals. • Resolution of “identity crisis”or exploration Identity Confusion • Lack of direction and definition of self.

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development - Wikipedia