Gaius MariusCaesar's uncle Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Juliawhich claimed descent from Iulusson of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneassupposedly the son of the goddess Venus. Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century BC. Little is recorded of Caesar's childhood.
Background[ edit ] Biographers describe tension between Caesar and the Senate,[ citation needed ] and his possible claims to the title of king.
These events were the principal motive for Caesar's assassination. Roman mints produced a denarius coin with this title and his likeness on one side, and with an image of the goddess Ceres and Caesar's title of Augur Pontifex Maximus on the reverse.
According to Cassius Diowriting over years later, a senatorial delegation went to inform Caesar of new honours they had bestowed upon him in 44 BC.
Caesar received them while sitting in the Temple of Venus Genetrixrather than rising to meet them. A member of the crowd placed a laurel wreath on the statue of Caesar on the Rostra. The tribunes Gaius Epidius Marullus and Lucius Caesetius Flavus ordered that the wreath be removed as it was a symbol of Jupiter and royalty.
Caesar had the tribunes removed from office through his official powers. Also, at the festival of the Lupercaliawhile he gave a speech from the Rostra, Mark Antonywho had been elected co-consul with Caesar, attempted to place a crown on his head several times.
Caesar put it aside to use as a sacrifice to Jupiter Optimus Maximus.
He then places the crowd shouting "rex" on the Alban Hill with the tribunes arresting a member of this crowd as well. The plebeian protested that he was unable to speak his mind freely. Caesar then brought the tribunes before the senate and put the matter to a vote, thereafter removing them from office and erasing their names from the records.
Suetonius adds that Lucius Cotta proposed to the Senate that Caesar should be granted the title of "king", for it was prophesied that only a king would conquer Parthia.
His many titles and honors from the Senate were ultimately merely that: Caesar continually strove for more power to govern, with as little dependence as possible on honorary titles or the Senate. The placating and ennobling of Caesar did not allay ultimate confrontation, as the Senate was still the authority granting Caesar his titles.
Formal power resided in them, resulting in tension with Caesar. Brutus began to conspire against Caesar with his friend and brother-in-law Gaius Cassius Longinus and other men, calling themselves the Liberatores "Liberators". Many plans were discussed by the group, as documented by Nicolaus of Damascus: The conspirators never met exactly openly, but they assembled a few at a time in each other's homes.
There were many discussions and proposals, as might be expected, while they investigated how and where to execute their design. Some suggested that they should make the attempt along the Sacred Waywhich was one of his favourite walks.
Another idea was to do it at the elections, during which he had to cross a bridge to appoint the magistrates in the Campus Martius. Someone proposed that they draw lots for some to push him from the bridge and others to run up and kill him.
A third plan was to wait for a coming gladiatorial show. The advantage of that was, because of the show, no suspicion would be aroused if arms were seen.
The majority opinion, however, favoured killing him while he sat in the Senate. He would be there by himself, since only Senators were admitted, and the conspirators could hide their daggers beneath their togas.
This plan won the day.The assassination of Julius Caesar was the result of a conspiracy by forty Roman senators, self styled the Liberatores, whom led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus stabbed Julius Caesar to death in the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC.
(In Shakespeare’s “The Tragedy of Julius Caesar,” Strauss notes, Decimus is “misnamed as Decius” and shunted to a minor role.) The soothsayer warns Caesar of the Ides of March. May 30, · Gaius Julius Caesar, dictator of Rome, is stabbed to death in the Roman Senate house by 60 conspirators led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius plombier-nemours.com, born .
On Feb. 15, in the year 44 BC, Julius Caesar, the all-powerful ruler of Rome, visited a soothsayer named Spurinna, who “predicted the future by examining the. The assassination of Julius Caesar was the result of a conspiracy by many Roman senators led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, and Marcus Junius Brutus.
They stabbed Julius Caesar to death in a location adjacent to the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March (March 15), 44 BC.
By the time of his assassination on 15 March (the Ides of March) 44BC, Julius Caesar was at the height of his power, having recently been declared dictator perpetuo by the Roman Senate. This kind of power made many senators nervous that Caesar would overthrow the senate and establish one-man tyranny.