An introduction to the history of queen victoria

See Article History Alternative Title: She was the last of the house of Hanover and gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age. During her reign the British monarchy took on its modern ceremonial character. She and her husband, Prince Consort Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gothahad nine children, through whose marriages were descended many of the royal families of Europe.

An introduction to the history of queen victoria

Presented byProfessor Kate WilliamsRoyal historian A headstrong head of state Queen Victoria restored the reputation of a monarchy tarnished by the extravagance of her royal uncles.

She also shaped a new role for the Royal Family, reconnecting it with the public through civic duties. At just 4ft 11in tall, Victoria was a towering presence as a symbol of her Empire.

She and her husband Albert and their nine children came to symbolise a new, confident age. Alexandrina Victoria was born to the Duchess of Kent. Her father was the fourth son of George III and she was fifth in line to the throne. However, she had three elderly uncles ahead of her in the succession.

So when her father died when she was eight months her prospects of becoming queen were good. The princess, known as Victoria, was raised at Kensington Palace. She was educated by her governess Baroness Lehzen, who taught her languages, arithmetic, drawing and music.

Her widowed mother was lonely and depended utterly on John Conroy — a servant of her former husband who was bent on power. She had a sheltered childhood. After the death of two uncles, the teenage Victoria became heir to her final surviving uncle King William IV.

These rules included sharing a room with her mother and having no time alone. The system was designed by John Conroy, who hoped to manipulate her to gain further power and influence. When Victoria was 13 she was taken on a tour of the Midlands so that Conroy and her mother could show her off to the public.

The princess found it exhausting and became increasingly stubborn.

An introduction to the history of queen victoria

She started writing a diary. The men, women, children, country and houses are all black I just now see an extraordinary building flaming with fire.

Victoria succeeded her uncle William IV, just weeks after her 18th birthday. Her first request was an hour alone, something denied to her until then. Victoria moved to Buckingham Palace making it her official royal residence in London.

Queen Victoria | British Heritage

She began exerting her will by exiling her mother to live in distant rooms. She also banned John Conroy the courtier who made her childhood miserable — from her state apartments. The young Queen was charmed by her first prime minister, Lord Melbourne, who was both fatherly and admiring.

Lord Conyngham then acquainted me that my poor Uncle, the King, was no more… and consequently that I am Queen.Apr 10,  · Queen Victoria was the longest reigning British monarch and defined her era like no other King or Queen before her. But what made the Victorian Era so special?

/r/history is looking for moderators /r/History moderator applications. /r/History introduction. Rules. For her Golden Jubilee, Queen Victoria wished to hire a number of servants from India. One of those selected was an Indian-born attendant named Mohammed Abdul Karim).

Starting out as a waiter and cook (making curry for the queen), he. The Victoria Cross was introduced by Queen Victoria to honour acts of great bravery during the Crimean War.

It was awarded on merit instead of rank. The Crimean War was fought by an alliance of countries including Britain against Russia. Victoria enjoyed Albert’s company from the beginning, and with Leopold’s encouragement she proposed to Albert (as she was the queen, he could not propose to her) on October 15, , five days after he arrived at Windsor on a trip to the English court.

They were married the following year.

BBC - iWonder - Queen Victoria: The woman who redefined Britain’s monarchy

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May – 22 January ) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June until her death.

On 1 May , she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George the Duke and the King died in , and Victoria was. KS2 History learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers organised by topic.

History in Focus: The Victorian Era (Introduction)